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Roberto Matta (1911-2002) is a chilean painter. He left his native country and his architect career to work with Le Corbusier.
As a painter he realised a serie of paintings, called ‘‘Psychologicals Morphologies’’, where he used a new technique: with a wipe he spread the color on the canvas in such a way it is not the brush which decides the line. It is the beginning of his rapprochement with automatic writting.
Upon Marcel Duchamp’s request, he moved to New York to flee the World War II.
After his exclusion of Surrealists’ Group, he left the USA for Chile then Europe. Since he became a politic activist artist. He cut all ties with his country when the General Pinochet made a military coup in 1973.
1957: Henri Déchanet, Oscar Gauthier, Henri Goetz, Roberto Matta, Galerie Weiller, Paris, 1957.
1962: Art latino-américain à Paris, Musée d’Art Moderne de la ville de Paris, with Jorge Camacho, Simona Ertan, Joaquin Ferrer, Eduardo Jonquieres, Wifredo Lam, Roberto Matta, Jesus Rafael Soto, Hervé Télémaque among others.
1985: retrospective exhibition at the Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris.
1999: retrospective exhibition at the Museo Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain.
2004: Matta 1936-1944 : début d’un nouveau monde, gallery Malingue, Paris.
2011: Matta, centenario 11.11.11, retrospective exhibition at the Centro Cultural Palacio La Moneda, Santiago, Chile.
2013: Matta, du surréalisme à l’Histoire, Musée Cantini, Marseille, France.
2013: Matta | Człowiek i Wszechświat | Man and Universe | L’Homme et l’Univers, National Museum of Cracow, Poland.